These are constructions that use “and” or “or”, where it may be unclear which concepts in a list or pair should be grouped together In cases where an appropriately placed final comma (Oxford comma) is optional, we recommend it for clarity. Coordination ambiguities will have a single solid bottom border.
These are typically pronouns distant from the referent to which they are attached. The more distant the referent, the more likely the pronoun will be thought to apply to an unintended referent. Referent Ambiguities will have a dashed bottom border.
These are usages of language that express uncertainty, necessity, ability or permission, most often in a weak manner. Examples are words like can, could, may, ought, should and others of like expressions. Speculatives will have a dotted bottom border.
These findings occur when the sentence in question is long enough to present a misunderstanding. Studies have shown that as sentences increase in length they have a greater risk of ambiguity. Long Sentences will have a thin double bottom border.
Sentences with multiple finding types will be double underlined in red.